Computer Networks Basics - Setting Up A Basic Computer Network - computerbasic.net

Computer Networks Basics – Setting Up A Basic Computer Network


A cup of coffee on a table

One of the best ways to simplify your business is by setting up computer networks. With the correct computer networking, you could run your entire home or offices in an efficient and budget-friendly way. But there are some basic concepts of computer networks, which you must know before setting up a network for your own office. Such concepts are data transport, routing, security, compression, and information assurance. It is important to have an understanding of these concepts in order to set up the best possible computer networks.

A Computer Network Has Two Parts

An open laptop computer sitting on top of a table

The local area network (LAN) and the internet (IP). The LAN is often associated with a physical boundary, where different local area networks overlap. The internet is an area network, which extends to other areas or countries.

The primary purpose of a computer network is to transfer information among computer devices such as printers, keyboards, monitors, video game consoles etc. in a process called network input/output. This allows devices on one network to communicate with those on another network. A computer network thus provides a convenient way to accomplish several tasks. Some examples of computer networks include: Local Area Network, Wide Area Network, Virtual Private Network, Local Area Network, which is considered ideal for small-scale companies, metropolitan areas, and public information sharing.

Routing  Is Important

A laptop computer sitting on top of a desk

Another important aspect of a computer network is routing. Routing enables devices on a computer network to connect to other devices. For example, a computer network in Atlanta can be connected to the Internet and vice versa. This is known as Wide Area Network, which enables rapid communication. One can use a router to create virtual connections within a computer network which allows users from any part of the world to connect to each other.

Creating Computer Network Through Private Branch Exchange (PBX)

Apart from connections through the Wide Area Network, computer networks can also be created using the Private Branch Exchange (PBX). In this case, a single computer system can be utilized for multiple phone lines. Some people may find it inconvenient to use a PBX as it requires upfront cost to purchase and maintain phone numbers. However, this option offers great benefits as it solves the problems related to managing numbers as well as long distance charges when connecting calls made to the phone line connected to the Private Branch Exchange.

Bottom Line

To make it easier for users to access the computer systems, a firewall is also essential. With a firewall installed on the computer network, unauthorized users can’t access important files and information. There are a number of free firewall programs available on the internet. However, if you’re looking for an ideal computer network solution, it’s better to buy a professionally installed security product such as ZoneAlarm or Netware to protect your computer as well as your confidential data.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter